注册 登录  
 加关注
查看详情
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

meijuan317458的博客

 
 
 

日志

 
 

共同学习语法  

2015-01-15 20:57:38|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

语法复习二、主谓一致

                                    

主谓一致是指谓语动词在人称和数方面需和主语保持一致。主谓一致主要遵循语法形式一致、意义一致以及就近一致三个原则。

1句子谓语用单数的情况

(1)单数名词或代词、不可数名词、动词不定式或动词?ing形式或单个从句等作主语时。

To go swimming is helpful for shaping your body.

[名师指津] what引导的名词性从句作主语时,若表语是复数形式,则谓语动词用复数。

(2)and连接的两个名词若表示单一概念时。

A knife and fork is what you need when having a meal.

The writer and artist has come.

(3)and连接的并列单数主语前有every,  each,  no,  many a时。

Each man and each woman was asked to give a performance at the party.

(4)表示时间、重量、距离、长度、价格、金额、体积等名词的复数作主语或主语部分是一个算式时。

To me, 20,000 dollars is not a small sum of money.

One plus one is/equals two.

(5)each, everyone, everybody, everything, someone, somebody, something, anyone, anybody, anything,  no one, nobody, nothing等不定代词作主语时。

Everyone has his own interest.

Nothing is impossible to a willing heart.

(6)one (every one,  any one,  either,  neither,  each one,  each)of+名词复数时。

One of the guests in the party is from South Africa.

Every one of us likes the novel.

(7)more than one/a+单数名词作主语,尽管从意义上看是复数,但谓语须用单数形式。

More than one student was chosen to compete in the contest.

2句子谓语用复数的情况

(1)某些集体名词(如:people,  police,  staff,  cattle)作主语时,谓语通常用复数。

The police are searching the woods for the lost child.

(2)and,  both ... and连接两个并列主语时。

What he says and what he does do not agree.

Both the president and the prime minister have attended the lecture.

(3)当主语是clothes, trousers, shorts, shoes, jeans, glasses, scissors, compasses等只有复数形式的名词时。

My trousers have been washed already.

[名师指津] 若这类名词前有pair of修饰时,其谓语动词的单复数取决于pair的单复数形式。

(4)the+形容词/过去分词结构(如:the dead/old/rich/injured/unemployed)多指某一类人。主语由该结构充当时,谓语动词一般用复数。

The blind were given aids by the volunteers outside the theatre.

[名师指津] 该结构也有表示一类事物的情况,此时谓语动词用单数。

The old always gives way to the new.

3就近一致的情况

(1)there be结构中。

There is a pen and three books on the desk.

(2)or, either ...or, neither ...nor, whether ...or, not only ...but also ...等连词连接两个并列主语时。

Not only his brothers but also he is good at painting.

4其他情况

(1)主语后面有as well as,  rather than,  with,  together with,  along with,  like, but, except等插入成分,谓语的数与主语保持一致。

The Smiths,  together with their daughter,  are to arrive on the evening flight.

Nobody but three students was in the laboratory at that time.

(2)某些集体名词(family, team, audience, class, committee, crowd, government, group, party, public)作主语时,若作为一个整体看待,谓语用单数;若指集体中所有的成员时,谓语用复数。

Her family is small,  but the family are advanced workers.

(3)?s结尾的名词(如:学科名词politics, 不可数名词news, 或单复数同形的means, works),要分清其数的关系,才可决定其谓语的单复数形式。

Physics seems to be very difficult to many girl students.

Different means of transport are available in the city.

(4)none,  some,  all,  the rest,  half等作主语时,谓语动词根据其所指意义决定单复数。

The rest of the story was dull and all the students were bored.

  评论这张
 
阅读(3)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2018