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解答完形填空的三大策略  

2016-09-30 14:04:04|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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      词语同现、词语复现和逻辑推理是解答完形填空的三大策略,领会和掌握这三大策略对提高完形填空的解题速度和准确率都大有裨益。

1词语同现: 是指意义上相关的词汇出现在同一语篇上,构成了以某一话题为中心的词汇链,也有人称之为语义场

2、词语复现: 指某一个词以原词、同根词、同义词、反义词(wrong, not correct )、上义词、下义词等方式重复出现在语篇中,语篇中的句子正通过这种复现关系以达到相互衔接。

3逻辑推理   主要包括因果关系、转折关系、对比关系、并列关系等。

[1] If a nest has four eggs and you remove one, the bird will not notice. However, if you remove two, the bird generally leaves. This means that the bird knows the _____between two and three.   A. distance         B. range    C. difference        D. interval

    通过对上文两个实验的对比,“从四个蛋中拿走一个,鸟儿不会注意到”和“从四个蛋中拿走两个,鸟儿就会发现”可推断出鸟儿是能知道“二”和“三”的区别,故选C

[2]For example, babies about fourteen months old almost always notice if something is taken away from a ________group. But when the number goes beyond three or four, the children are often fooled.   A. single    B. small     C. local    D. new

从表转折的连词But可知,上句和下句之间是转折关系,下句提到“当数量超过三或四时,孩子就往往被愚弄到”,换句话说“数量较少时,孩子会注意到了”,故选B

即学即用

1. (2013全国)Michael Greenberg is a very popular New Yorker. He is not famous in sports or the arts. But people in the streets ________ him, especially those who are poor.

A. know about        B. learn from    C. cheer for           D. look after

2. (2013全国) He looks like any other businessman, wearing a suit and carrying a briefcase(公文箱). But he’s ________. His briefcase always has some gloves.

    A. calm     B. different    C. crazy    D. curious

3. (2013全国)A pair of gloves may be a _______ thing, but it can make a big difference in winter.

  1. small            B. useful     C. delightful            D. comforting

4. (2013全国) In winter, Mr. Greenberg does not ________ like other New Yorkers, who look at the sidewalk and hurry down the street.

    A. act      B. sound      C. feel       D. dress

5. (2013全国)It runs in the________. Michael’s father always helped the poor as he believed it made everyone happier.

A. city           B. family   C. neighborhood      D. company

6. (2013江苏)That was why she was alone on the ________, wearing an expensive swimsuit. It had taken a massive tantrum to get her parents to buy it. They were back at the beach-house…

     A. beach      B. bed       C. floor       D. ship

7. (2013天津) His loving and selfless nature has inspired me to become more sympathetic and ________, putting others first.

    A. careful           B. regretful   C. considerate       D. humorous

8. (2013山东)When she died, I was ________, but I was also very grateful to her.

   A. homeless         B. heartbroken  C. bad-tempered         D. hopeless

9. (2013重庆) On that afternoon, as the math teacher started to introduce difficult concepts, dark clouds covered the sky, and the storm set in…Soon math time was followed by the time for (1) ________. All children naturally drew (2)________pictures on such a day.

(1) A. class    B. sports   C. art          D. tea

(2) A. great    B. dark    C. different     D. strange

10. (2013山东)I think my change started when I was at Palomar College. At first, I just wanted to get my ________ and be left alone.

  A. balance       B. homework   C. degree        D. interest

11.   (2013 山东) By the end of my first semesterI was really________ . It seemed as if everyone but me had made friends and was having fun.

A. careful        B. lonely         C. curious                D. guilty

12.   (2013 天津) When Joe was about to start schoolall signs pointed to success. Yet things turned out to be quite________ .

A. unfair           B. boring          C. disappointing          D. dangerous

13.   (2013 湖南)When I was 8 years oldI once decided to run away from home. With my suitcase (1)____and some sandwiches in a bag I started for the front door and said to Mom,“I’m leaving. ” “ If you want to (2) _____that’s all right,” she said.

(1) A. packed            B. returned      C. cleaned     D. repaired

(2) A. drop out         B. go by        C. move around            D. run away

14. (2013 湖南)“Wait a minute,” Mom said. “I want your _______ back. You didn’t wear anything when you arrived. ” This really angered me. I tore my clothes off—shoes socksunderwear and all...

A. bag                 B. clothes      C. sandwiches   D. suitcase

15.   (2013 湖南) I dashed to the front door and banged on it loudly. “ Who’s there?” I heard. “It’s Billy! Let me in! ” The voice behind the _______answered Billy doesn’t live here anymore. He ran away from home. ”

A. house           B. tree      C. door             D. yard

16.   (2013 天津)His hands tell the story of his life as a______including all his struggle... On one of those hot mornings I was picking sweet corn with my dad to fill the last order from the grocery.

A. teacher            B. gardener       C. farmer                 D. grocer

17.   (2013 辽宁)...and all of a sudden she saw an amazing _________. There on the other side of the valley was a little house and its windows were golden.

  A. hill              B. valley    C. background        D. sight

18.( 2013 四川)There I met 14-year-old Stephaniewhose burns are a lot more serious than mine. But she is so______ that she never lets anyone put her down.

honest       B. strong       C. active     D. young

19.   (2013 陕西)We ordered hamburgers and Coca Cola at the counter. When our _____cameI started walking towards an empty table.

food        B. turn         C. bill         D. menu

20.   (2013 安徽)Becoming fluent in a language will take years but learning to get by takes______.

A. some risks            B. a lot less     C. some notes         D. a lot more

完形微技能词语复现

词语复现指某一个词在语篇中以原词、同源词(如:protectprotection)、同义词、反义词(wrong, not correct )、上义词(adultmy father的上义词)、下义词(coatclothes的下义词)等方式重复出现,语篇中的句子正是通过这种复现关系以达到相互衔接。请分析以下例题,找出每句话的线索词并说出每句话是根据什么复现解题的。

1. Last week, we donated a great many things, such as food, clothes and books, to the homeless children, who were very thankful for our______.

A. progress  B. donation  C. behavior   D. efforts

解析:donated可知,那些无家可归的小孩感激我们的捐赠,故选B,根据原词复现解题。

2. She usually helps mom with the housework on weekends and mom praises her for her _____.

A. assistance        B. activity             C. decision        D. choice

解析:help可知,妈妈表扬她的“帮助”,故选A,用近义(同义)复现解题。

句话是根据什么复现解题的。

3. The ______ of fever include high temperature, running nose and maybe a sore throat.

   A. symptoms   B. signs          C. marks    D. looks

解析:纵观句意,选项中的symptoms包括high temperature, running nose and maybe a sore throat,故选A。根据上下义复现解题。其中,symptoms是上义词,high temperature, running nosesore throat是下义词。

即学即用

1. He is very kind and friendly to others. Because of his ___________, he is quite popular with the people around him.

A. ability          B. honesty     C. relationship            D. kindness

2. The old man tends to forget things from time to time. In other words, he is more and more _________.  A. forgetful    B. unforgettable  C. easy-going     D. hard-working

3.  A stranger appeared at the party without being invited and his sudden and unexpected _______ surprised all the guests present.

   A. invitation        B. crowd         C. appearance         D. condition

4. What he said made no sense. It was really ___.

A. useless        B. meaningless  C. homeless        D. hopeless

5. The boy is very __________. Because of his rude manners, he is often scolded by his parents.

A. impolite        B. positive   C. lively   D. curious

6. James is very _________. He tends to attack other kids and fight with them.

A. strong B. aggressive   C. gentle  D. firm

7. He taught me how to rely on other ______, particularly on my hearing.

A. feelings    B. organs    C. skills   D. senses

8. To keep fit, you should keep away from the __________ foods, such as hamburgers, hot dogs and fried chicken, which are rich in fat.

A. junk      B. healthy   C. delicious    D. smelly

9. He has many ___________, such as listening to music, reading, dancing, etc, among which playing chess is his favorite.

A. habits      B. hobbies      C. duties   D. choices

10. Tom’s teacher constantly advises him to put his heart into studies. However, he always turns a deaf ear to his teacher’s ___________.  A. tension    B. worry   C. order     D. advice

11. Some students hold the view that it’s necessary for them to have a mobile phone, but in my view, a mobile phone is not a ____________ for middle school students.

A. fault    B. secret     C. necessity      D. pleasure

12. The weather is always changing. Unless you take good care of yourself, you’re likely to catch a cold because of the ____________ weather.

A. changeable           B. enjoyable         C. suitable     D. comfortable

完形微技能——词语同现

     词语同现是指在意义上相关联的词汇有可能共同出现在同一语篇中,构成以某一话题为中心的词汇链,也有人称之为语义场。如: 若是一篇以学校生活为话题的文章,像teacher, student, classmate, monitor, book, classroom, dormitory, canteen, lab, desk, teaching building等意义与school life相关联的词语就有可能同时出现在这篇文章中。

1. Though I had a lot of working experience and  a Master’s degree, I could not find _____ work.

hard    B. satisfying     C. interesting    D. legal

解析:因与丰富的工作经验”“硕士学位同现的应是令人满意的(satisfying)工作,故选B。还要注意though一词,前后是让步关系、转折意义。

2. “Why has my life become so hard?” I thought ________.

hopefully         B. suddenly   C. painfully            D. carelessly

解析:由上下文可知,与hard同现的应是painfully,故选C

3. A man was trying to take a photo of a crow(乌鸦)that had a nest in a tower, but the crow always left when she saw his coming. The bird did not ________until the man left the tower.

    A. relax    B. recover    C. react     D. return

解析returnleft相对,“离开”“返回”这两者属于词语同现,故选D

即学即用

1. At the meeting, everyone is _______ ideas in a heated discussion.

A. thinking            B. bringing  C. exchanging       D. talking

2. The president of our school delivered an inspiring _______ at the opening ceremony of the new term.     A. present     B. speech    C. party       D. celebration

3. I asked her what time it was, but she didn’t ___. A. respond   B. say   C. face   D. share

4. Jackson was elected Prime Minister and came to ___________.

A. action           B. life       C. power       D. effect

5. Without an umbrella, we were all caught in the heavy ___________.

water      B. river       C. wind      D. rain

6. Our meetings were not __________: our conversation was filled with arguments and quarrels.

A. normal              B. necessary            C. pleasant                D. possible

7. When my teacher suggested I try out for the basketball team, at first I thought it was a crazy _________.   A. idea    B. plan       C. belief     D. saying

8. Body language is the quiet, secret and most powerful language of all! It speaks ___ than words.

A.  straighter          B. louder    C. higher                D. harder

9. If you drive your car at full __________, you’ll risk losing your life.

A. time       B. speed       C. length      D. price

10. The __________ visited a large number of scenic spots and had a better understanding of the local culture.  A. passengers     B. customers   C. tourists       D. servants

11. Each student expects to get full ______ in exams.

A. marks           B. exercises     C. crosses          D. subjects

12. My uncle has very little schooling. However, he has a strong desire for ________ and is eager to learn more.

A. information       B. chances     C. advice         D. knowledge

13. I thought hard and finally came up with a _________ to the problem.

A. solution          B. entrance     C. path          D. road

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